γιγνώσκω

γιγνώσκω, [dialect] Dor. (Epich.9, Pi.O.6.97), [dialect] Aeol., [dialect] Ion., and after Arist. [full] γινώσκω, but γιγνώσκω in early [dialect] Att. Inscrr., as IG12.127.19 ([etym.] κατα-), etc.: [tense] fut.
A

γνώσομαι Il.23.497

, etc., [dialect] Dor. [ per.] 3sg.

γνωσεῖται Call.Lav. Pall.123

(γνώσω is f.l. in Hp.Steril.215); Cret. form ἀνα-γνώοντι dub. in GDI5075 (for [tense] aor. 1, v. ἀναγιγνώσκω): [tense] pf.

ἔγνωκα Pi.P.4.287

, etc.: [tense] aor. 2

ἔγνων Il.13.72

, etc., [dialect] Ep. dual

γνώτην Od.21.36

, [dialect] Dor. [ per.] 3pl.

ἔγνον Pi.P.4.120

; imper.

γνῶθι Epich.[264]

, etc.; subj.

γνῶ, γνῷς, γνῷ Il.1.411

, etc., [dialect] Ep. also

γνώω, γνώομεν Od.16.304

,

γνώωσι Il.23.610

; opt.

γνοίην Il.18.125

, etc.; pl.

γνοῖμεν Pl.Alc.1.129a

; inf.

γνῶναι Od.13.312

, etc., [dialect] Ep.

γνώμεναι Il.21.266

; part.

γνούς S.El.731

, etc.:—[voice] Med., [tense] aor. 1

γνώσασθαι Man.2.51

:—[voice] Pass., [tense] fut.

γνωσθήσομαι Ar.Nu.918

, Th.1.124, etc.: [tense] aor.

ἐγνώσθην A.Supp. 7

(lyr.), E.El.852, Th.2.65: [tense] pf.

ἔγνωσμαι E.HF1287

, Th.3.38:— come to know, perceive, and in past tenses, know, c. acc., Il.12.272, etc.; as dist. fr. οἶδα know by reflection, γιγνώσκω, = know by observation,

γνόντες δὲ εἰδότας περιορᾶν Th.1.69

;

ἐγὼ δ' οἶδ' ὅτι γιγνώσκετε τοῦτον ἅπαντες D.18.276

; χαλεπόν ἐστι τὸ γνῶναι εἰ οἶδεν ἢ μή it is hard to perceive whether one knows or not, Arist.AP0.76a26; discern, distinguish, recognize,

ὄφρ' εὖ γιγνώσκῃς ἠμὲν θεὸν ἠδὲ καὶ ἄνδρα Il. 5.128

; ἀσπίδι γιγνώσκων by his shield, ib.182; ironically, εὖ νύ τις αὐτὸν γνώσεται he will learn him to his cost, 18.270;

νῦν ἔγνων τὸν Ἔρωτα Theoc.3.15

: sts. c. gen., γνώτην ἀλλήλων were aware of . . , Od.21.36, cf. 23.109.
2 folld. by relat. clauses, γιγνώσκω δ' ὡς . . I perceive that . . , 21.209;

ἔγνως ὡς θεός εἰμι Il.22.10

;

ἔγνωκας ὡς οὐδὲν λέγεις Ar.Nu.1095

; γ. ὅτι . . Heraclit. 108
, A.Pr.104,379, etc.; ἵν' εἰδῆτε ὑμεῖς καὶ γνῶτε ὅτι . . D.21.143;

γνώμεναι εἴ μιν . . φοβέουσι Il.21.266

;

γ. τί πέπονθε πάθος Pl.Phlb.60d

: c. acc. and relat. clause,

Τυδείδην δ' οὐκ ἂν γνοίης, ποτέροισι μετείη Il.5.85

;

γ. θεοὺς οἵτινές εἰσι Heraclit.5

;

Σωκράτην γ. οἷος ἦν X.Mem.4.8.11

; τοὺς Πέρσας γ. ὅτι . . Id.Cyr.2.1.11; also

ἀλλοτρίας γῆς γ. ὅτι δύναται φέρειν Id.Oec.16.3

: c. part., ἔγνων μιν . . οἰωνὸν ἐόντα perceived that he was . . , Od.15.532;

γνόντες οὐδεμίαν σφίσι τιμωρίαν οὖσαν Th.1.25

;

ἔγνωκα . . ἠπατημένη S.Aj.807

; ἔγνων ἡττημένος I felt that I was beaten, Ar.Eq.658;

χρυσῷ πάττων μ' οὐ γιγνώσκεις Id.Nu.912

, cf. Antipho 5.33, X.Cyr. 7.2.17: c. gen., ὡς γνῶ χωομένοιο when he was aware of . . , Il.4.357, cf. Pl.Ap.27a: c. inf.,

ἵνα γνῷ τρέφειν τὴν γλῶσσαν ἡσυχεστέραν S. Ant.1089

: c. acc. et inf., recognize that . . , Th.1.43, etc.; take a thing to mean that . . , Hdt.1.78: c. dupl. acc., perceive or know another to be . . ,

οἵους γνώσεσθε τοὺς ἀνθρώπους X.An.1.7.4

: abs., ὁ γιγνώσκων the perceiver, opp. τὰ γιγνωσκόμενα the objects perceived, Pl.R.508e; also ὁ γ. one who knows, a prudent person, ib.347d:—[voice] Pass., εἰ γνωσθεῖεν ᾧ . . if it were known of them in what . . , Id.Prt.342b.
II form a judgement, think,

ταὐτά Hdt.9.2

;

τἀναντία τούτοις γ. X. HG2.3.38

;

οὕτω γ. Id.An.6.1.19

;

τὰ δίκαια γ. Lys.22.2

; ἃ γιγνώσκω λέγειν ( = τὴν γνώμην λ.) D.4.1;

περὶ τῆς βοηθείας ταῦτα γιγνώσκω Id.1.19

; τοῦτο γιγνώσκων, ὅτι . . Men.572, cf. 648;

ὡς ἐμοῦ ἀγωνιουμένου οὕτω γίγνωσκε X.Cyr.2.3.15

: abs., αὐτὸς γνώσῃ see thou to that, Pl.Grg.505c; esp. in dialogue, ἔγνων I understand, S.Aj. 36; ἔγνως you are right, Id.Tr.1221, E.Andr.883; ἔγνωκας; Lat. tenes? Nausicr.1.5; judge, determine, decree that . . , c. acc. et inf., Hdt.1.74, 6.85, Isoc.17.16: c. inf., determine to . . , And.1.107:— [voice] Pass., to be pronounced, of a sentence or judgement, Th.3.36;

παρανόμως γνωσθεῖσα δίαιτα D.33.33

, cf. 59.47;

κρίσις ἐγνωσμένη ὑπό τινος Isoc.6.30

.
2 [voice] Pass., of persons, to be judged guilty, A.Supp.7;

γνωσθέντα ζημιοῦσιν οἱ νόμοι Arist.Rh.Al.1431b30

;

τεθνάτω ἐὰν γνωσθῇ, ἐὰν δὲ φυγὴ γνωσθῇ, φευγέτω IG12.10.29

.
3 [tense] pf. [voice] Pass. with act. sense, ὡμολόγηκεν ὑμᾶς ὑπάρχειν ἐγνωσμένους are determined, D. 18.228 (sed leg. ἡμᾶς).
III know carnally, Men.558.5, Heraclid. Pol.64, LXX Ge.4.1, al., Ev.Matt.1.25, Plu.Galb.9, etc.
IV γ. χάριν, = εἰδέναι χάριν, D.C.39.9.
B causal, make known, celebrate,

γνώσομαι τὰν ὀλβίαν Κόρινθον Pi.O.13.3

acc. to Sch. ad loc., v. dub. (Root γνω-, cf. Skt. jānāmi, jñātas, Lat. gnosco, gnotus, etc.)

Greek-English dictionary (Αγγλικά Ελληνικά-λεξικό). 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • γνῶτον — γιγνώσκω come to know aor imperat act 2nd dual γιγνώσκω come to know aor subj act 3rd dual γιγνώσκω come to know aor subj act 2nd dual γιγνώσκω come to know aor ind act 2nd dual (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • γιγνώσκεσθε — γιγνώσκω come to know pres imperat mp 2nd pl γιγνώσκω come to know pres ind mp 2nd pl γιγνώσκω come to know imperf ind mp 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • γιγνώσκετε — γιγνώσκω come to know pres imperat act 2nd pl γιγνώσκω come to know pres ind act 2nd pl γιγνώσκω come to know imperf ind act 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • γιγνώσκῃ — γιγνώσκω come to know pres subj mp 2nd sg γιγνώσκω come to know pres ind mp 2nd sg γιγνώσκω come to know pres subj act 3rd sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • γινώσκεσθε — γιγνώσκω come to know pres imperat mp 2nd pl (ionic) γιγνώσκω come to know pres ind mp 2nd pl (ionic) γιγνώσκω come to know imperf ind mp 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • γινώσκετε — γιγνώσκω come to know pres imperat act 2nd pl (ionic) γιγνώσκω come to know pres ind act 2nd pl (ionic) γιγνώσκω come to know imperf ind act 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • γινώσκῃ — γιγνώσκω come to know pres subj mp 2nd sg (ionic) γιγνώσκω come to know pres ind mp 2nd sg (ionic) γιγνώσκω come to know pres subj act 3rd sg (ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • γνῶμεν — γιγνώσκω come to know aor inf act (epic) γιγνώσκω come to know aor subj act 1st pl γιγνώσκω come to know aor ind act 1st pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • γνῶτε — γιγνώσκω come to know aor imperat act 2nd pl γιγνώσκω come to know aor subj act 2nd pl γιγνώσκω come to know aor ind act 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

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